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The study presented here sheds new light on the link between the occurrence of weather shocks and violence by looking at the case of Sudan and South Sudan. Using geographically-disaggregated data from 1997 to 2009, it finds that higher temperatures greatly affect the risk of conflict. The analysis also highlights possible channels of the climate-conflict nexus suggesting that competition over natural resources is one of the main drivers in a region where pastoralism constitutes the dominant livelihood.


Regular and reliable electricity supply is crucial for industrialisation and economic development. Despite Nigeria being one of the largest primary energy producers in the world, she still struggles to generate adequate electricity for her teeming population and to support her economy. At the moment, Nigeria generates about 5000 MW for her population of over 160 million people. This is completely ridiculous when compared to South Africa that generates over 40,000 MW for her 52 million populations.

Intermediaries that assist individuals and firms with the government bureaucracy are common in developing countries. In a recent paper in the Journal of Development Economics I focus on their role as time savers, and study the impact on citizen welfare and red tape, with non-trivial results. I then use the model to analyse the impact of bureaucracy reform on intermediary usage. I apply the analysis to a Brazilian bureaucracy reform that has served as inspiration for other countries.

Model of bureaucracy intermediaries

The 2% inflation target followed by the WAEMU’s Central Bank (BCEAO), which is one of the lowest and mostly the standard for Advanced Economies, is a luxury for the WAEMU region, one of the poorest in the world. Indeed, the growth costs of WAEMU’s membership outweigh by far its price stability benefit. This is the central finding from my research (jointly with Zorobabel Bicaba), to be written up in the context of the 2014 Economic Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings.

There has long been a concern among policymakers that too much of remittances are consumed and too little saved, limiting the development impact of migration. Financial literacy programmes have become an increasingly popular way to try and address this issue, but to date there is no evidence that they are effective in inducing savings among remittance-receiving households, nor is it clear whether such programmes are best targeted at the migrant, the remittance receiver, or both.